One more Vitamix advantage that I neglected to mention in last week’s blog – When making a smoothie or juice drink in your Vitamix, the whole fruit is juiced, which includes the juice and the fiber. The fiber contains valuable nutrition that is missing in extracted juice, making your Vitamix drinks even more nutritious!
Several of my readers have asked me about composting.
Composting means recycling food waste or organic material to the soil, which is then broken down by natural bacteria and turned into compost or a dark, soil-like humus and an incredibly rich (and free) organic fertilizer! Compost adds nutrients to the soil and improves soil structure, eliminating the need for high nitrogen-based chemical fertilizers, and produces thriving, pest resistant plants. Compost is unbelievable fertilizer for your gardens and lawn.
Composting is just as important as recycling cans, bottles, papers, plastics or anything else. According to the EPA, “ In 2011 alone, more than 36 million tons of food waste was generated, with only four percent diverted from landfills and incinerators for composting.” When food is thrown away and goes into the landfill, it rots and emits methane – a potent greenhouse gas with 21 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide.
You can compost all organic matter – kitchen waste including fruits, vegetables, coffee grounds, eggshells, and tea bags, (but avoid meat and dairy which turn rancid and attract scavengers and citrus which is toxic to the worms); grass clippings; and yard waste including leaves. Do not add weeds or chemically treated grass clippings.
I keep a compost bucket with a charcoal filter (to prevent odors from escaping) in my kitchen sink, which I then empty into the compost pile in the backyard. You can buy compost bins online or from garden centers that cost approximately $30 – $100, but you can easily build your own. It takes about a year before the organic materials are broken down into compost and ready to add to your garden soil. Regularly turning the pile and occasionally adding a compost inoculant to help break down organic material speeds up the process, but isn’t necessary.
For Apartment Dwellers
Some cities like San Francisco and London offer kitchen waste pick up service, but most don’t. You can still compost however, even without access to a yard. There are two fun options.
One is vermicomposting, or composting with worms. Vermicomposting involves buying a shallow worm container and lid (punch holes in the top and sides for drainage and ventilation), making a bed for the worms using torn newspaper mixed with leaves and potting soil, then adding kitchen waste (it works better if it is small pieces) and about 2000 red wriggler worms, sold at garden centers or ordered online through commercial growers. Leave the lid off so the worms will burrow underground; they are sensitive to light. In two to three months, your worms will produce dark, rich, nutritious worm castings or organic fertilizer, which your plants will love. Click here for more information.
A second option is bokashi bin composting. Bokashi means fermented organic matter in Japanese. This method uses a mixture of “effective microorganisms” in a medium like wheat bran. You simply add your food waste to the bin and then sprinkle the microorganism mixture on top. The microorganisms help to break down the scraps and if managed properly, there won’t be any smell. This system works fast – it makes compost in two weeks!
With both indoor systems, be careful not to compost too much food waste at once.
I never stop marveling at the beautiful rich soil transformed from my kitchen waste. It’s another one of nature’s miracles. Get ready for spring and start composting now!
For more green living tips, visit greenwithbetsy.com.
Information compiled from www.bokashicomposting.com, http://www.howstuffworks.com, epa.gov, and www.ecolocalizer.com